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SEE THE WORLD DIFFERENTLY

Digital Humanities: What Can Be Achieved
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HTML – Hyper Text Mark Up Language

On March 18 2013, Tim, along with Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn, Louis Pouzin and Marc Andreesen, 
was awarded the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering for "ground-breaking innovation in engineering 
that has been of global benefit to humanity."  

Source: https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/

 

The beauty about HTML is its symbolic and metaphorical simplicity.  HTML tags describe a page structure and rendering of page elements for browsers, without displaying the tag’s instructions to the viewer. <head></head>Tags contain information about the webpage such as the title for the webpage.  <body> </body> Tags contain a variety of nested tags <h1></h1>, <p></p>, <a href=” ”></a> etc.  Creativity abounds in the individual explosion of industrialized offerings of socialized magnitude that today is the World Wide Web.    Literally anyone can create a webpage using a basic text editor, notepad or similar.

When Tim Berners-Lee created what is now the phenomenal World Wide Web little did he know or envisage the impact these instructions and tags would have on humanity.  He was trying to solve a work related problem of many different types of systems and programs that did not talk to each other making transfer of information from one system to another difficult.  His vision was to be able to link all systems and documents together.  Building on available technologies such as DNS, TCP / IP he created Uniform Resource Locators (URL’s also known as web addresses), a web server – to serve web pages, HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)– to transfer HTML (Hypertext Mark Up language) webpages between devices on local and wide area networks.

He took the idea of Mark-Up to a completely new level.  Typographers traditionally did this task adding handwritten blue ink, printer instructions to the margins of manuscripts, so typesetters would know how to layout / display the text / images on a page.

In computing terms a tag is a character or set of characters appended to a piece of text or data in order to identify or categorize it and going back further than this the word tag is all to do with human interaction , so utilizing an old word and bringing new meaning to it.

Many have followed his example developing the idea of the tag to globalise efficiency.

XML and TEI are excellent examples of initiatives for storing and retrieving data from webpages.

Tim Berners-Lee continues his work today along with working for digital equality throughout the world.  HTML is still evolving, the latest rendition being HTML5.  This version offers enhanced support for multimedia adding audio, video and graphical element tags and layout tags for sections, headers and footers.  So what will HTML6 bring?  Maybe more support for JavaScript Libraries in the form of a cashable version to cut down on load or even chuck  the JavaScript altogether in favour of JSON APIs to flush load times.  Whatever it is we are in for the long haul on this thoroughfare of imagination and innovation!

Bibliography:

http://qeprize.org/winners-2013/sir-tim-berners-lee/

https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/

https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/Kids.html

tag – definition of tag in English | Oxford Dictionaries

http://www.htmlgoodies.com/beyond/reference/new-features-in-html6.html

 

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